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Open Heart Surgery | Baylor Dallas

Dr. Gonzalo Gonzalez-Stawinski

Cardiac surgery - also called "open heart surgery" - refers to heart surgical procedures. The chest is opened, and the heart is stopped to repair or replace tissue, muscle, valves or arteries of the heart. The health care team at Baylor Heart and Vascular Services at Dallas, located at Baylor University Medical Center, is specially equipped for these procedures.

Types of open-heart procedures include:

  • Bypass surgery
  • Aortic surgery
  • Valve surgery
  • Arrhythmia surgery
  • Heart failure
  • Congenital heart disease surgery

The most common cardiovascular surgery procedure in the United States is coronary artery bypass, and for the fourth year in a row, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas has received the highest quality rating for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. “This rating system measures the quality of coronary artery bypass surgery among hospitals across the country. Our three-star rating, denoting the highest quality, has been earned by only 10 percent of hospitals reporting outcomes data to The Society,” said Gonzalo Gonzalez-Stawinski, MD, Chief of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chief of Heart Transplantation, and Mechanical Circulatory Support for Baylor University Medical Center and Surgical Director of the Heart Transplant Program. “With our four-year record, we have indicated that our processes have positively impacted the lives of our patients and will continue to evolve as we strive to stay on the forefront of medicine,” he added.

In this video, Brian Lima, MD, Director of Clinical Research for Heart Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support at Baylor University Medical Center, provides an overview of the nationally recognized cardiac surgery program at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.



Bypass surgery

Bypass or “open-heart” surgery is performed to repair or replace tissue, muscle, valves or the aorta, the main artery that carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. A surgeon opens a patient's chest and the heart is stopped to complete these procedures.

At Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas these surgical procedures include coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump bypass and minimally-invasive heart bypass surgery.
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Aortic surgery

The aorta is the main artery in your heart that carries blood to the rest of your body. Problems with the aorta can lead to serious or life-threatening emergencies. A multidisciplinary team of interventional cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons and imaging specialists on the medical staff at Baylor Jack and Jane Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital offer specialized aortic surgery services including aortic aneurysm repair and aortic valve surgery for conditions such as aortic dissection.
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Valve surgery

Heart valve disease is a condition that occurs when heart valves fail to open and close properly. If left untreated, valve disease may lead to arrhythmias, an abnormal heart rhythm, or congestive heart failure. A dedicated team of interventional cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and imaging specialists on the medical staff diagnose and treat patients with valve disease at the Center for Valve Disorders, part of Baylor Heart and Vascular Services at Dallas.

Treatment options include open heart and minimally-invasive surgical procedures for valve repair and valve replacement.
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Arrhythmia surgery

An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm, a condition in which the heart may beat at an irregular pace, or too fast or too slow. Caused by a problem with the heart's electrical system, some arrhythmias have no complications; other more serious conditions can result in heart failure, stroke, or even cardiac arrest.

At the Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital Center for Complex Arrhythmias (CCA), a multidisciplinary team specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal heart rhythms. In addition to medication therapy, surgery procedure options include surgical ablation to destroy or remove the tissue causing the arrhythmia requiring general anesthesia. Minimally invasive surgery options are also available such as the Maze procedure to address atrial fibrillation, a specialized type of arrhythmia.
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Heart failure

Heart failure is a condition which means your heart doesn’t work as well as it should. If the heart is too weak or too stiff, the heart, organs, and tissues receive an inadequate supply of blood, and you may have difficulty doing things that might have been easy in the past. You can experience heart failure without ever suffering a heart attack. The good news is that heart failure is a treatable condition.

The health care specialists on the medical staff at Baylor Jack and Jane Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital help patients diagnosed with heart failure, offering surgical treatment options including a left-ventricular assist device (LVAD), the total artificial heart and heart transplant.
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Congenital heart disease surgery

A congenital heart defect is a malformation of the heart or major blood vessels present at birth. At the Center for Adult Congenital Heart Disease at Baylor Jack and Jane Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital, an experienced health care team helps treat patients with various congenital heart conditions. Care is individualized, ranging from simple to complex.

Surgical treatment options for the most common types of congenital heart problems include atrial septal defect repair, ventricular septal defect repair and tricuspid valve surgery.
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