Bypass surgery is considered "open-heart" surgery. In this heart procedure, the chest is opened, and the heart is stopped to repair or replace tissue, muscle, valves or the aorta, the main artery that carries blood away from your heart to the rest of your body. Baylor Heart and Vascular Services at Dallas are equipped just for these types of surgical procedures. They include coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump bypass and minimally-invasive heart bypass surgery.
The most common cardiovascular surgery procedure in the United States is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This is a treatment for coronary artery disease. During the CABG procedure a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to the blocked coronary artery. This healthy artery or vein bypasses the blocked portion of the coronary artery, creating a detour for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle.
Danny McCoy thought he did all the right things to live a healthy lifestyle. When it was recommended that he have coronary artery bypass surgery, he was blown away by the level of customer service he received at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.Share on Facebook Tweet This Share on Google+ Pin It
Another type of bypass surgery is off-pump bypass. Off-pump or beating heart bypass surgery reduces risk to the patient by allowing the heart to continue beating throughout the procedure.
For this surgery, a heart-lung machine is not used. The surgeon uses advanced operating equipment to stabilize, or hold open portions of the heart, to bypass a blocked artery. The rest of the heart keeps pumping, circulating blood throughout the body.
With today's technology, all coronary arteries can be bypassed in this way. The off-pump technique is often ideal for certain patients at increased risk of complications from being placed on the heart-lung machine, including patients with vascular disease, heavy plaque buildup in the aorta, a history of strokes, breathing problems or kidney function problems.
Open-heart surgery usually includes making a very large incision down the middle of the chest. This consists of a full cut through the breastbone, which often takes 12 or more weeks to heal.
Another surgical alternative is minimally-invasive "keyhole" surgery. It involves creating a small incision (keyhole) in the side of the chest where surgeons pass through small surgical instruments to correct valve disease, coronary artery disease and congenital heart defects.
The potential benefits of keyhole surgery include:
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